[Offtopic] Schools in India
stephen at melbpc.org.au
stephen at melbpc.org.au
Sat Apr 10 22:38:57 EST 2010
In India in 2005, "25 per cent of children in 2005 left school before
reaching Grade Five, and almost half left before reaching Grade Eight."
"Tens of millions of Indian children to benefit from new Right to
01-04-2010 ©UNESCO & B. O'Malley
A ground-breaking Right to Education Act has come into force in India,
legalising the right to free and compulsory schooling for all children
between the ages of 6 and 14.
UNESCO welcomed the historic 'Right of Children to Free and Compulsory
Education Act 2009', which came into force on April 1st 2010.
Apart from legalising the right to education, the act places the onus on
governments and local authorities to provide schools, and sets out
standards and norms covering numbers of teachers, training and curricula.
It includes a plan to train more than one million new teachers in the
next five years and retrain existing teachers.
According to UNESCOs 2010 Education for All Global Monitoring Report
there are an estimated eight million Indian children and young people
between the ages of six to 14 out-of-school, the majority of them girls.
Between 2000 and 2005, primary school enrolment in India increased by
22.5 per cent overall, and by 31 per cent for girls alone.
But despite this leap, some 25 per cent of children in 2005 left school
before reaching Grade 5, and almost half left before reaching Grade 8.
Bringing these children, who often belong to disadvantaged groups such as
migrants, child labourers or children with special needs, into school and
retaining them and providing trained teachers and relevant curricula,
will be a major challenge, Mr Parsuramen said.
Instrumental in driving the bill forward has been Minister of Human
Resource Development Mr Kapil Sibal who is also President of the Indian
National Commission for Cooperation with UNESCO.
UNESCO New Delhi Director Mr Parsuramen paid tribute to him and Prime
Minister, Dr. Manmohan Singh for their unflinching commitment to the
strengthening of education in India.
Speaking after introducing the Bill Mr Sibal said: We are trying to make
India a knowledge hub in 15-20 years. This bill is the first step in
that direction. We want to see India rise. The world is looking at India
Without India, the world cannot reach the Millennium Development Goal
(MDG) of having every child complete primary school by 2015.
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